Belgium’s transition to a low carbon society by 2050

In the context of the international negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations, Belgium has committed itself to define and implement a low carbon development strategy. Such a strategy must be placed in the context of the European commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% to 95% in 2050 compared to their 1990 level, with a view to limiting the increase in global warming to well below 2°C, in comparison with the pre-industrial era, and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1,5°C. Moreover, the Belgian Federal and Regional Governments intend to establish a real transition to sustainable methods of production and consumption. In its long-term vision of sustainable development, the Federal Government aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions within Belgian territory by at least 80% to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990. A large number of initiatives and commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions can be found at the local level, such as those of the provinces and the towns and municipalities, as well as those of citizens’ groups. Businesses and economic sectors too are developing their vision for the transition and are identifying their potential contribution.

An ambitious federal project

In order to prepare the ground, the Federal Climate Change Service launched a project in 2012 entitled ‘Low Carbon Belgium by 2050’. It pursues a two-fold objective:

  • To contribute directly to drawing up a Belgian low carbon strategy entirely within the context of sustainable development
  • In the spirit of ‘transition management’, to encourage and fuel reflection and initiatives in this field in order to promote exchanges between as many actors as possible.

The most important finalized outcomes of this project are: