Supporting mitigation in developing countries
Initially the initiative aimed at contributing to the improvement of the geographical distribution of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects, by promoting programmatic CDM or CDM Programme of Activities (PoA) development in five African countries, being Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique.
The first phase consisted of a scoping study on the opportunities for PoAs in these countries and of the development of a Project Idea Note (PIN) for two opportunities identified per country. The results were presented during a workshop held on 30 June 2011.
Based on these results, the Belgian Federal Government decided, in a second phase, to further support the development of two of the identified opportunities into effective CDM programmes:
the development of a Renewable Energy PoA in Rwanda
the development of a Treatment of Municipal Waste PoA in Mozambique
Given the low carbon prices the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) may not be able to deliver the necessary finance to make these project financially attractive. This is especially the case for those projects for which carbon financing is the sole or the most important revenue source. The Climate Change Unit of the Belgian Federal Government therefore decided to expand the scope of work towards the development of NAMA framework (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions).
In the context of international climate change negotiations, NAMAs are considered to be voluntary greenhouse gas mitigating measures taken by developing countries, which are embedded within their plans for national development. NAMAs can benefit from broader climate financing options then the carbon market.
Although the NAMA concept remains relatively vague, the following elements are generally recognized to be key features:
- the move beyond project-level interventions to scaled-up mitigation actions;
- involvement of key government entities to ensure country ownership and national appropriateness of the NAMA;
- measurement, reporting and verification.
The aim of the initiative to promote sustainable charcoal production in Mozambique and Rwandais to identify opportunities for this sector to benefit from climate financing, either through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or the NAMA framework.